It is significant for you to always understand the process you will be undergoing well in advance to get prepare for the surgery and also to cope up with to get better and quick recovery. The orthopaedic surgeon will also perform surgery of the knee replacement in steps that are mentioned below:
• Making the sleep
Anaesthetist shall also give you either general or the spinal anaesthesia to fall asleep at the time of surgical procedure
• Slitting the knee
Surgeon must make a cut over anterior part of knee that allows simple access to patella often called kneecap. During knee arthritis surgeon cut typically should be about 8 inches long in case of customary surgery of knee replacement. However in contrast, this incision is just 4 inches long when surgery is performed using slightly offensive approach.
• Turning Kneecap
Once the incision is done over knee, the first part that gets exposed is patella. As surgeon gains great access to patella, they rotate it outwards offering adequate room for performing this surgical procedure.
• Preparing the Thighbone
The surgeon resurfaces the thighbone that is medically known as the femur. After vigilantly exposing knee joint, surgeon uses the specialized instruments for measuring bone and for cutting damaged bone with cartilage from base of femur with great precision. This cut end the get resurfaced for suitable fitting of femoral constituent of prosthesis. If you are searching for a hip specialist go right here for more details.
• Fixing Femoral
As femur gets resurfaced, surgeon affixes femoral component that is made of metal and plastic to base and they then fix it to the place with help of bone cement.
• Preparing Shinbone
Shinbone even known as Tibia is next bone to get resurfaced. Upper end of tibia is usually made free of the damaged bone as well as cartilage and so it gets reshaped as to fit tibial component of synthetic knee prosthesis.
• Fixing Tibial component
Tibial component is fixed to upper part that is resurfaced of tibia and it is glued in the place by using the bone cement. The moment the tray gets fixed, surgeon will place a polyethylene to assemble between tibial components and femoral that acts as buffer and that also provides great support to body while flexing and bending your knee.
• Re-tuning Patella
The orthopaedic surgeon smoothens lower surface of patella. It is added with added plastic component to certify the suitable and appropriate fit during the implant. If needed, plastic component is also cemented to your bone.
• Concluding surgical process
The surgeon will check for proper and suitable alignment, working and sizing with positioning of implant by flexing and bending the knee. After settling, the surgeon joins the cut and then dresses it. This surgery usually takes about 2 hours to conclude.